Disclaimer

Everything what is published on this site is for informative, non-profit purposes only, provided “as is” without any warranty. You are free to spread the word, however no significant portion of my webpage is allowed to be copied or used similarly in another contexts or webpages without my permission.

Attention !

Some articles in the Electronics section, including, but not limited to, sub-sections High voltage and X-rays, might display and explain things which can be considered dangerous or life-threatening to the general public. Since these posts are dedicated to other enthusiasts besides me, who understand the article and have full knowledge and control over their actions, no special or separate warnings are present at the beginning of every post. Feel free to inspire yourself, but if you are unsure, better ask or stay away! Do not blame me if you make a mistake resulting in loss of data, material/property damage, injury or death.
YOU HAVE BEEN WARNED !

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Electronic parts notation: Some circuits present in the Electronics section might be written using the old, archaic Czechoslovak (?) system of parts marking, back from the old days, when the basic unit for plotting out resistance was 1 ohm and 1 picofarad for capacitance. So to save space, a kilo/mega/giga suffix (k, M, G) was used in place of the decimal point.
In other words, out of the examples below, all combinations are possible but usually the shortest form is used:
0.68 ohm resistor = 0R68
22 kiloohm resistor = 22k = M022 = 0M022 = 22000R = 22000 …
2.2 megaohm resistor = 2M2 = 2200k …
220 nanofarad capacitor = 220n = 220k (“kilopicofarad”) = M22 (0.22 “megapicofarad”) = 0M22 …
680 picofarad capacitor = 680p = 680J = 680 = k68 = 0k68 = n68 = 0n68 …
1 microfarad capacitor = 1M = 1M0 = 1000n = 1000k …
5.6 millifarad capacitor = 5G6 = 5600M …
1 farad capacitor = 1F = 1000G …
and so on.

Thanks for understanding.